Celiac Disease: The Essential Facts

Celiac disease is a serious, autoimmune disorder that affects the digestive system. People with the disease cannot eat foods containing gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. Left untreated, It can lead to a variety of health problems. However, with the right treatment and care, people with Celiac disease can live healthy lives. Here are the essential facts about it.

What is Celiac Disease? 

Celiac disease is a condition that causes the immune system to damage the lining of the small intestine when certain foods are consumed. Celiac is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The only treatment for the disease is to avoid eating foods that contain gluten, which is a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. When people with celiac eat foods that contain gluten, they may experience symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, constipation, fatigue, and anemia. It can also lead to long-term complications such as osteoporosis and nutritional deficiencies. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent these complications.

What are the Symptoms of Celiac Disease? 

Symptoms of Celiac disease can range from mild to severe and may appear suddenly or gradually. The most common symptoms include:

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Bloating
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation.
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Anemia
  • Joint Pain
  • Mouth Ulcers
  • Skin Rash
  • Depression

The disease is a serious condition that can damage the intestines and cause malabsorption of nutrients. Symptoms may vary from person to person and may worsen or improve over time. Left untreated, it can lead to serious health complications such as osteoporosis, infertility, and cancer. You must see a doctor for a diagnosis if you are experiencing any of these symptoms. However, with a strict gluten-free diet, most people with celiac disease can lead healthy lives.

How is Celiac Disease Treated? 

There is no cure for Celiac disease, but the symptoms can be controlled by following a gluten-free diet. This means avoiding all foods that contain wheat, rye, and barley. For some people, this may also mean avoiding oats. Some people with it can tolerate small amounts of gluten, while others must avoid it completely. Many gluten-free products are available now, including bread, pasta, cereals, and more. There are also many recipes available for gluten-free meals. Treatment for Celiac also includes taking supplements to replace nutrients not being absorbed due to damage to the intestines. Treatment is important because untreated Celiac can lead to serious health problems such as anemia, osteoporosis, and cancer. If you think you may have celiac disease, you must see a doctor to get a diagnosis, and start treatment.

How can People Prevent Gluten from Entering their Diets? 

Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. It is also found in many processed foods. Gluten can cause serious health problems in people with the disease. The disease is an autoimmune disorder that affects the small intestine. People with celiac disease cannot tolerate gluten. When they eat foods containing gluten, their immune system responds by damaging the small intestine. This can lead to malabsorption of nutrients, weight loss, and other serious health problems. There are currently no treatments for Celiac disease. However, a gluten-free diet can help to control symptoms and allow the small intestine to heal. 

People with Celiac disease must be very careful to avoid all sources of gluten. Even trace amounts of gluten can trigger an immune reaction. Fortunately, there are many delicious gluten-free foods available. For people with Celiac disease, the only way to prevent gluten from entering their diet is to avoid all foods containing wheat, rye, and barley. With a little effort, people with celiac can enjoy a healthy and nutritious diet without worrying about gluten again.

Are there any Complications Associated with Celiac Disease?

While most people with celiac disease do not experience any major complications, it is important to be aware of the potential risks. Complications from the disease can occur in any organ of the body and at any age. The most common complications are intestinal, but Celiac disease can also damage the liver, skin, bones, joints, reproductive organs, and nervous system. People with Celiac disease are also at increased risk for other autoimmune disorders, such as Type 1 diabetes and thyroid disease. In addition, people with Celiac disease are more likely to develop certain types of cancer, such as lymphoma. If you have Celiac, talk to your doctor about managing your condition and reducing your risk of complications. 

Can People Who do not have Celiac Disease still Experience Adverse Reactions to Gluten? 

Adverse reactions to gluten are not limited to those who have Celiac disease. Research suggests that Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS) is a real phenomenon that affects a significant portion of the population. While the exact prevalence of NCGS is unknown, some estimates suggest that it affects up to 6% of the population. NCGS is characterized by symptoms such as bloating, abdominal pain, fatigue, and brain fog. These symptoms can occur in adults and children, and they tend to be triggered by consuming gluten-containing foods. While there is no cure for NCGS, avoiding gluten-related trigger foods is often the best course of action. If you think you may be sensitive to gluten, speak with your doctor or a registered dietitian for more information.

What is the Long-Term Outlook for People with Celiac Disease? 

Celiac disease is a condition that causes the immune system to react abnormally to gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. People with celiac disease who eat gluten-containing foods may experience abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, and fatigue. In some cases, celiac disease can also lead to serious health complications such as malnutrition and anemia. There is no cure for Celiac disease, but the condition can be managed by following a strict gluten-free diet. The long-term outlook for people with Celiac disease is generally good. However, there is a small risk of developing other autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes or multiple sclerosis. People with celiac disease can expect to live a normal and healthy life with proper dietary management.

How Can I Get Involved in the Celiac Disease Community? 

If you have Celiac disease, you are not alone. There is a large and supportive community of people living with the condition. There are many ways to get involved and connect with others. Here are some ideas:


  • Join a celiac disease support group. This can be an in-person or online group. Support groups provide a space to share information and experiences and to connect with others who understand what you are going through.
  • Attend conferences and events. These can help me learn about the latest research and developments and connect with other people with celiac disease.
  • Become a member of a celiac disease organization. Many national and international organizations are dedicated to supporting people with celiac disease. These organizations offer a wealth of resources and information. They can be a great way to get involved in the community.
  • Volunteer your time. Volunteering is a great way to give back to the community and make new friends. Many celiac disease organizations rely on volunteers to help with their work.
  • Start your blog or social media account. Sharing your experiences can help raise awareness about celiac disease and provide support and information for others living with the condition.

Celiac disease is a serious condition that should not be taken lightly. If you think you may have Celiac disease, don’t hesitate to get in touch with your doctor for more information and testing. GIA Wausau is here to help if you have any additional questions about the disease or our gluten-free products.

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