Colon Cancer, How Is It Treated?

Colon cancer is the third most common type of cancer in the United States. Each year, more than 150,000 people are diagnosed with colon cancer, and over 50,000 die from the disease. Colon cancer usually develops slowly over many years. Early detection and treatment can save lives.

This article will discuss Colon Cancer, its treatments, and Colonoscopies.

What is Colon Cancer?

Colon cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the Colon (large intestine). The Colon is part of the digestive system. It is the last part of the digestive tract. The Colon absorbs water and nutrients from food. It also stores stool (feces) until it is ready to be eliminated from the body.

Colon Cancer Symptoms

Colon cancer often does not cause any symptoms in the early stages. When symptoms do occur, they may include:

– Changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea, constipation, or feeling that the bowel does not empty completely

– Rectal bleeding

– Blood in the stool

– Cramping or abdominal pain

– Weakness or fatigue

– Unexplained weight loss

Treatments for Colon Cancer

There are many different treatments for colon cancer. The type of treatment depends on the stage of cancer and other factors. Treatments may include:

– Surgery to remove the tumor

Chemotherapy to kill cancer cells

Radiation therapy to kill cancer cells

Targeted therapy to block the action of proteins that help cancer cells grow

Biological therapy to boost the body’s natural defenses against cancer

Stent placement to hold the colon open

– Nutrition and lifestyle counseling

What Is A Colonoscopy?

A Colonoscopy is a test that is used to look at the inside of the Colon and Rectum. A Colonoscopy is often used to screen for Colon Cancer. A thin, flexible tube called a Colonoscope is inserted into the rectum during a Colonoscopy. The Colonoscope is then passed through the entire length of the Colon. Pictures are taken of the Colon and the Colonoscope is removed.

How to Prepare for Colonoscopy

To prepare for a Colonoscopy, you will need to follow a special diet for a few days before the procedure. You will also need to drink lots of fluids and take laxatives to clean out your Colon. On the day of the Colonoscopy, you will need to avoid eating and drinking anything for several hours before the procedure.

What Happens During A Colonoscopy

Before a Colonoscopy, you will need to remove all of your clothes and put on a hospital gown. You may also need to remove your jewelry, including watches and earrings. You will be given a cloth to put over your head during the Colonoscopy.

During a Colonoscopy, you will be asked to lie on your left side. You may feel some pressure and discomfort. The Colonoscope will be inserted into your rectum. The Colonoscope will be passed through the entire length of the Colon. Pictures will be taken of the Colon and the Colonoscope will be removed.

After a Colonoscopy, you may have some cramping and abdominal pain. You may also have some bleeding from your rectum. You should contact your doctor if you have any of these symptoms.


Colon cancer is the second most common type of cancer in America, and it’s also one of the deadliest. Colonoscopies are a great way to detect colon cancer early because they can identify any polyps or growths that may be present before they become malignant. However, not everyone has access to these screenings as some people have difficulty getting insurance coverage due to their age or other factors. Colonoscopy screenings will help save lives by detecting cancers earlier when they’re easier to treat successfully.

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